We live in a society where work defines who we are, what we do, and who we spend our time with. But this wasn’t always the case. For 95% of our history, our ancestors had a radically different view of its importance; hunter gatherers rarely worked more than fifteen hours per week. How did work become the central organisational principle of our societies? What are the social, economic and environmental consequences of a culture of work? And what might a world where work plays a far less important role look like? In this major book, James Suzman charts a natural and cultural history of work.